ALTER TABLE tablename ADD COLUMN dayname VARCHAR(20) GENERATED ALWAYS AS (DAYNAME(startdate)) STORED;
This query will add a new column called dayname to the tablename table. The column will be of type VARCHAR with a maximum length of 20 characters. The GENERATED ALWAYS clause tells MariaDB to calculate the value of the column each time a row is inserted or updated. The AS keyword specifies the expression used to calculate the value, in this case the DAYNAME function applied to the startdate column. Finally, the STORED keyword tells MariaDB to store the calculated value in the table so that it can be retrieved more efficiently.
Note that the GENERATED ALWAYS and STORED clauses require MariaDB version 5.7.6 or later. If you are using an earlier version of MariaDB, you can still add a calculated field using a trigger or a view.